Italy was one of the first countries in the European Union that introduced a specific regulation for electronic identification services. The use of such services is more and more common in the various fields, including in the relationship between citizens and the public administrations.
Qualified trust service providers, certified email service providers and digital entity providers shall be enrolled with the National Digital Agency (Agenzia per l’Italia Digitale – “AGID”). To this extent, they shall comply with a number of requirements established both under the Italian Digital Public Administration Code (Legislative Decree no. 82 of March 7, 2005 as amended – “CAD”) and the EU e-IDAS Regulation (EU Regulation no. 910/2014 on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market). For instance, qualified service providers shall employ staff and subcontractors who possess the necessary expertise and qualifications, and who have received appropriate training regarding security and personal data protection rules. In addition, qualified trust service providers, certified email service providers and digital identity providers are required to have a minimum initial capital which could vary up to EUR5 million depending on the provided services.
A public system for digital identities was recently established by the Italian legislator. In this context, businesses certified with AGID can provide users with digital identities that can be used by such users to obtain digital services requiring identification. At the moment, there are seven registered identity providers operating in the market.